Hair is an integral part of our personality. They improve the appearance and give self-confidence. People dread bad hair days and get very depressed if they lose their hair and go bald. This can have a very profound psychological impact on them.ALSO READ – Hair Care Tips: Expert Suggests 5 Ways To Do Scalp Facial
First understand your hair: The hair shaft is the part of the hair that we can see, but deep inside is a hair bulb that wraps around the hair shaft. It is surrounded by a hair matrix, which provides the necessary nutrition for hair shaft growth. Read also – Do you suffer from hair loss? Shahnaz Husain shares tips to improve hair growth
The scalp is another component that contributes to healthy hair growth. Thus, to have healthy, smooth and shiny hair, we must take care of all these components. Let’s take a look at each component one by one and find out how to boost your hair growth: Also Read – Holi 2022: Shahnaz Husain shares tips for taking care of your skin and hair during this festival of colors
A healthy scalp means healthy hair- Any scalp problem leads to oxidative stress, which directly impacts the outermost layer of the hair shaft called the cuticle. This results in a reduction in hair roughness and shine. In extreme cases, oxidative stress can also lead to premature hair loss, especially in cases of excessive dandruff.
How to apply shampoo- Shampooing is the main way to cleanse the scalp and keep it healthy. Since the shampoo is primarily for the scalp, it should be applied to the scalp and massaged in properly for 2-3 minutes. It can then be rinsed off with lukewarm water. The shampoo should be used twice a week for 2-3 minutes. When choosing the right shampoo, make sure it’s sulfate and paraben free. These chemicals are harmful to the scalp and hair, but many over-the-counter shampoos use them. People with dry scalps are advised not to use shampoo too often to remove excess oil. It just overactivates the sebaceous glands (which produce the oily substance called sebum), and they start producing even more sebum, making the scalp even oilier.
Massage the scalp- Massage your scalp for 10-15 minutes once a week. This improves blood circulation and therefore brings more nutrition to the dermal and epidermal areas of the scalp.
Dandruff and the causes- Dandruff is defined as excessive flaking of the scalp. New skin cells are forming all the time. The dead layer of the outermost layer of skin cells is continually replaced by these new cells. In case of dandruff, this activity is accelerated. This happens due to a type of yeast living in our scalp called Malassezia globosa. If you have dandruff, it is recommended to use an anti-dandruff shampoo that contains active compounds like pyrithione zinc. It has antifungal and antiseptic properties, which can control Malassezia globose. Dandruff can also occur as a reaction to certain hair products. This type of dandruff is called contact dermatitis. So if you’ve never had dandruff in the past and you suddenly start seeing dandruff, check your wardrobe to see if you’ve started using a new hair product.
- Keep the hair shaft healthy
Sleek and Shiny Hair Shafts- Hair shafts look dull, when their outermost cuticles called later are damaged. The cuticles protect the rest of the hair shaft from external exposure. If this layer is damaged, there is a greater chance that external elements will enter the capillary cortex and damage it.
Conditioners- This is the best way to keep the hair shaft in good shape. It is not necessary to massage them into the scalp. Gently apply the conditioner to the entire length of the hair and hold it for 2-3 minutes before rinsing it out with lukewarm water. This properly closes the cuticles and nourishes the hair shaft. Avoid products that contain sulfates and SLS.
Is chemical treatment good for hair? – Nope. Any chemical treatment performed on the hair (coloring, re-gluing, bleaching) will always damage the hair shafts. It damages the cuticles, which makes them rough and the hair loses its shine. It can also damage the capillary cortex, which contains melanin. Melanin is responsible for giving your hair its color. Melanin damage causes premature aging.
Protect hair from the sun- Just like the skin, excessive sun exposure can damage the hair shaft, which can lead to brittle and frizzy hair, split ends, discoloration and premature graying of the hair. There are special products available in the form of powders, creams, lotions, gels and sprays. Use a good quality product with an SPF of 30+. Wear a wide-brimmed hat if you are out in the sun for a long time.
- Maintain a diet rich in these nutrients
If our body lacks nutrients, hair nutrition is one of the first to be cut. For healthy growth, hair needs vitamin A, B, C, D, E, zinc, iron and protein. Make sure your daily food intake includes the right amounts of these nutrients.
When to seek expert advice?
With all this care you can sometimes still have problems with your hair. If you find the problem unusual, you should consult a certified trichologist. It is better to take the help of an expert at the right time.
(Contributions from Mr. Nandan Gijare – Founder, Director – I2CAN (Indian Institute of Cosmetology, Aesthetics and Nutrition)